Dark Skin Patches - How to Remove Them

<P>Having a flawless and perfectly even skin tone is highly desirable. Most people regardless of their skin color or ethnicity usually have dark blemishes on their skin.  Whether skin blemishes are big or small they reduce the aesthetic appearance of the skin where most affected persons are in a constant pursuit to get rid of them.  In order to better understand how you can lighten those blemishes, it is important to also understand that such spots occur as a result of accumulation of skin pigment which is commonly known as melanin.</P> <P>Melanin gives color to the skin. Its concentration determines the skin tone but it is rarely evenly distributed all over skin covering the whole body. Spots and blemishes may also be caused by dietary, environmental, hereditary as well as ageing factors. The lesions that appear on the skin are given a number of names depending on their causes. These include melasma, freckles as well as hyper-germination. </P> <P>Removing dark skin patches is not easy and any dermatologist can attest to this.  However, there have been major breakthroughs in pigment research in the recent past.  This has yielded a number of promising remedies that are effective in getting rid of the excess pigment as well as reducing the re-accumulation of skin pigment.  </P> <P>It is important to understand that skin pigment problems are not all the same. You cannot use the same type of treatment in every situation.   For instance, pigmentation could be hormonal related like melasma or dark patches in the underarms, neck or in the inner thighs. After such spots are lightened a maintenance regime would be required to cater for the hormonal nature of the condition.  If you stopped such a treatment once the patches disappear they will reappear after a few months as they are being triggered by hormones.  Trauma on the skin as a result of shaving, insect bites, acne as well as repeated pressure on a certain area of the skin can also lead to spots. Once such spots are lightened they do not usually return as long as the trauma is not inflicted again. <BR>There are three major ways of getting rid of dark skin patches. They include:</P> <UL> <LI>Mechanical application.  These involve the use of derma abrasion kits that have tools that can gently exfoliate the affected areas on the skin surface. There are also micro derma abrasion garments that are very effective in the removal of dead skin. However, you should use mechanical methods where the spots have been recently inflicted.  Exfoliating stimulates development of new skin cells that emerge with an even and fresher skin tone.  You should be careful not to exfoliate the skin excessively as this may lead to darker blemishes. </LI> <LI>Peeling off the skin. This works by invisibly removing the adhesive that hold the skin surface together to encourage exfoliation without mechanical interference. This is usually done by a doctor where major peels are only administered by aesthetic and medical specialists.  Today, there is a wide range of over the counter peeling procedures that are also available online. You should choose a peel according to the intensity of the problem and the overall health of your skin. Some peels are applied deep into the skin so as to reach the dermis area which is the deepest skin layer which lightens the skin from the inner layers to the outside layers.</LI> <LI>You may also use skin lightening agents.  They work by penetrating the skin so as to destroy extra melanin. This leads to an even skin tone.  Herbalists and scientists have identified various agents that lighten the skin where most of them are very effective in getting rid of blemishes.   It is important to understand that different lightening agent work in different ways. Some destroy melanin while others prevent melanin from being transferred into the skin surface and there are also others that obstruct melanin production. </LI></UL> <P>Combining both skin lightening agents and the right peel gets rid of dark skin patches regardless of how tough the skin pigments are.</P>

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