How to cook rice

Want to know hoe to cook rice? Cooking rice is a basic culinary skill, but achieving the perfect consistency can sometimes be a bit tricky. Below is a general guideline for cooking white rice, which is the most commonly consumed type. If you have a different type of rice, like brown or wild rice, the cooking time and water ratio may vary.

Stovetop Method for White Rice


  • White rice
  • Water
  • Salt (optional)
  • Butter or oil (optional)


  • Rinse the Rice (optional but recommended):
  • Place the rice in a fine-mesh strainer.
  • Rinse under cold running water, swishing the rice with your hand.
  • Continue rinsing until the water runs mostly clear. This helps remove excess starch and prevents the rice from being too sticky.

Measure and Prepare

  • The general ratio for white rice is 2 cups of water for every 1 cup of rice. If you prefer slightly firmer rice, you can reduce the water a little.
  • Add the rice and water to a pot. Optionally, add a pinch of salt or a dab of butter/oil for flavor.

Cook the Rice

  • Place the pot on the stove and bring the water to a boil over high heat.
  • Once boiling, reduce the heat to the lowest setting and cover the pot with a tight-fitting lid.
  • Let the rice simmer for about 18 minutes. Avoid lifting the lid during this time as the steam helps cook the rice evenly.
  • After 18 minutes, turn off the heat. Let the rice sit, covered, for another 5 minutes. This allows any remaining steam to continue cooking the rice and makes the rice fluffier.

Fluff and Serve

  • After letting it sit, remove the lid and fluff the rice with a fork. This helps separate any grains that might be sticking together.
  • Serve as desired.

Rice Cooker Method

If you have a rice cooker, the process is even simpler:

  • Rinse the rice if desired
  • Add the rice and water to the cooker (follow the cooker's guidelines for water-to-rice ratios, as they can vary by machine).
  • Close the lid, turn it on, and let it cook. The machine will switch to 'warm' or turn off automatically once the rice is ready.
  • Fluff and serve.


If you find that your rice is consistently undercooked or overcooked, you may need to adjust the water ratio or cooking time slightly. The exact measurements can vary based on the specific type of rice and your personal preference.

Store any leftover rice in the refrigerator and consume within a few days. Be sure to reheat it thoroughly before eating.

Category: Cooking

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