Many problems with back arise due to aging, trauma or damage of the nerves in the spine. If you have an ongoing back problem, it is important to seek the right approach to alleviate pain and to recover successfully. You have two options when it comes to dealing with back pain problems. The first is to seek non surgical treatment and the other is to consider back surgery.
There are many conservative treatments which can be considered to relieve back pain. The first one is to consider anti inflammatory medication. This medication can be prescribed by your doctor since it helps to relive pain and other symptoms swelling. You can also undergo physical therapy in order to relieve back pain without having to undergo surgery. Getting a gentle massage now and then and placing ice or heat on the affected area can relieve back problems.
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Most people are advised to always consider conservative treatment of back problems and consider surgery as the last resort. When the non-surgical treatments do not help much you have the option to go for back surgery. However, you need to really understand the different types of back surgery.
The first type of back surgery is commonly referred to as diskectomy. The doctor will recommend disketomy if the back problem causes persistent leg pain and numbness making it unable for you to perform your daily chores. Most patients who undergo this procedure have weak muscles and some of them cannot even take charge of bowel movement and urination. This is an open surgery that is performed to remove the diseased disk. After the procedure, the patient will experience a significant reduction in the irritation and inflammation of the nerves. During the procedure, a part of the vertebrae is removed in order to access the diseased disk.
The second common type of surgery performed to alleviate problems with back is commonly referred to as laminectomy. This procedure is mainly done on individuals suffering from spinal stenosis. This condition usually worsens with time which is why doctors recommend surgery. Laminectomy is done to eliminate the lamina or the bone spurs at the back. During surgery, the bone near the spinal canal is removed to give the spinal nerves more room.
Spinal fusion is also a common back surgery that is performed today. During this procedure, two or more bones inside the spine are connected to make the entire spinal fracture more stable. The spine can lose stability when it is exposed to infections or tumors. Spinal fusion is also recommended to help cure abnormal curvatures, injuries or fractures in the spine. The surgery is able to relieve pain among patients who have a degenerated or injured disk.
The other option to treat back problems can be implanting artificial disks to the injured back. During artificial disk replacement, the severely damaged disk is replaced by an artificial disk that is made up of two metal plates and a soft core. This surgery can be minimally invasive but studies are still ongoing on its effectiveness. The advantage of the procedure is that it allows more movement of the spine if done successfully. However, there is great risk of disk degeneration as in the case of spinal fusion.
Before you decide to consider back surgery, you should talk to your doctor and look for ways to consider all the other options. Bear in mind that, different spine surgeons could have varied opinions about the procedures mentioned above so make sure you get the right information before you consent to any form of back surgery. This way, you will be able to deal with problems with back without creating future complications.